Smartphones aren’t the problem. Very specific psychological interventions baked into software is the problem.

The calculator app has no opinion about how much or how little you’d like to use it. When to use. And what for. It doesn’t care what you do when not using the calculator app.

If you were to uninstall the calculator app, it doesn’t hold your digital connections to friends and family to ransom.

It seems dumb to say it.  But the precision matters. The dark patterns of social media software can hide behind broad generalisations of “all tech is bad”. We need to get better at pointing the finger more acutely so the good actors can thrive.